In the United States approximately 12 million people 40 years and over in the United States have vision impairment, including 1 million who are blind, 3 million who have vision impairment after correction, and 8 million who have vision impairment due to uncorrected refractive error. (CDC) In fact, vision disability is one of the top 10 disabilities among adults 18 years and older and one of the most prevalent disabling conditions among children. The CDC recommends early detection, regular eye exams and timely treatment of suspected eye conditions
Common eye disorders and diseases
The most frequent eye problems in the United States that include nearsightedness, farsightedness, distorted vision at all distances, and the loss of the ability to focus up close and the inability to read letters off a newspaper or cell phone.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Macular degeneration, often called age-related macular degeneration (AMD), is an eye disorder associated with aging and results in damaging sharp and central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. AMD affects the macula, the central part of the retina that allows the eye to see fine details.
Cataracts are the clouding of the eye’s lens and is the leading cause of blindness worldwide and the leading cause of vision loss in the United States. The CDC says cataracts can occur at any age for a variety of causes and can be present at birth. Treatment for the removal of cataracts are widely available, access barriers such as insurance coverage, treatment costs, patient choice, or lack of awareness prevent many people from receiving the proper treatment.
Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes. It is the leading cause of blindness in American adults. According to the CDC, it is characterized by progressive damage to the blood vessels of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye that is necessary for good vision.
Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs when the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes slowly rises. However, recent findings now show that glaucoma can occur with normal eye pressure. However, with early treatment, you can often protect your eyes against serious vision loss.
Amblyopia is also referred to as a “lazy eye,” It is the most common cause of vision impairment in children. Amblyopia is the medical term used when the vision in one of the eyes is reduced because the eye and the brain are not working together properly. The eye itself looks normal, but it is not being used normally because the brain is favoring the other eye.